Learning Disabilities (LD)
What are learning disabilities?
- Significant difficulties in the use and application of reading, writing, oral communication, mathematics, and general reasoning skills
- Notable discrepancies in potential and observed achievement
- Inability to properly convey or express sensory information
- Disabilities lacking outward physical indications or any simple form of unprofessional diagnosis
- Evident at all intelligence levels
- Real, disruptive disabilities capable of severe consequences in achievement oriented situations
Learning Disabilities are Not:
- Psychological disturbances
- Mental Retardation
- Due to inadequate educational or environmental opportunities
- Mental, Emotional, or Physical Diseases
- Conditions that will be outgrown or reversed
- Inability to learn or achieve
How can the professor help?
To enhance the student’s learning experience and increase the effectiveness of the course material and instruction, we suggest the following strategies. Please keep in mind that these are only general recommendations meant to support other accommodations.
- Keep instructions as brief and uncomplicated as possible
- Define course material and requirements clearly and in both written and oral forms
- Present information using multiple senses by employing demonstrations, lab projects, audio & video presentations, etc.
- Break information into increments when teaching new tasks
- Allow time for clarification of intricate directions and essential information
- Provide study guides or review sessions for exams that emphasize format and content of the test
- Provide alternate ways for student to perform tasks (i.e. oral presentations)
- Encourage LD students to sit in the front row
- And most importantly, honor the student’s right to privacy